By Matthew Miller — Tokyo — Japanese dairy farmers are starting to realize that it’s not just about milk.
In an effort to boost profits and grow the global dairy market, Japanese dairy farms have been buying more cows in recent years.
That trend is set to accelerate in the future, the government said Thursday.
The dairy industry, which accounts for about 9 percent of the country’s gross domestic product, is projected to grow by 12 percent to more than 17 trillion yen ($2.4 trillion) in the year 2020.
Dairy farmers across the country are also finding that they need more milk, according to the government, and that means raising the productivity of the cattle.
Dairy farmers have been investing more than $500 million to expand production capacity in recent months, the Agricultural Ministry said in a report.
The number of cows in production has grown from 1,900 in 2007 to about 4,200 in 2010, according the ministry.
More than 8,000 dairy cows are produced every day in Japan, according a government report.
More cows mean more milk for dairy farmers.
That has resulted in a boom in production, with dairy farmers now producing nearly 7 billion liters of milk in 2020, according an estimate by the ministry, up from about 5 billion liter a decade ago.
The average annual production of dairy milk is now about 4.5 billion litres, according Japan Dairy Growers Association.
In order to produce the milk, dairy farmers have to increase the productivity and efficiency of their cattle.
In Japan, the production of milk has gone up by more than 5 percent annually since 2002.
The country produces about 8 million metric tons of milk a year, which is equal to about 6 percent of total global milk production, according TOKYO TIMES.
The milk industry, however, needs to be able to support more cows.
To do that, the milk needs to have more quality, the ministry said.
The ministry has said the growth in dairy production in 2020 will be due to the increase in milk productivity.
The milk industry needs to improve productivity by increasing the amount of feed, reducing the number of cattle, and reducing the amount and type of feed used, the report said.
In 2020, dairy farms in Japan are planning to increase production by 10 percent to 20 percent, while the number will increase by 2 percent to 5 percent.
The industry is expected to spend another $100 million in 2020 to support beef production, while it’s planning to spend an additional $50 million on pork production, and $60 million on poultry production, the agriculture ministry said in its report.